Lord Goldsmith of Richmon Park — The UK Government is committed to working with Nigeria to respond to the causes and consequences of conflict in Nigeria. At our recent Security and Defence Dialogue, we committed to working together to respond to shared threats, support efforts to respond to rising insecurity in Nigeria and promote human rights for all Nigerians. During the Dialogue, the Minister for Africa discussed insecurity with National Security Advisor Monguno. In addition, during her recent visit to Nigeria, she held detailed discussions with regional governors and community and religious leaders about the deteriorating security situation across the country and how the UK Government can support the response. In North-East Nigeria, we have provided £425 million of humanitarian support since 2017, which has supported up to 1.5 million people. Through our regional Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) Lake Chad Basin programme we are also: working with the Nigerian military in support of efforts to respond to the conflict with terrorist groups; supporting stabilisation efforts with local communities and supporting wider security sector reform. In addition to our work in the North-East, we are also working with communities in the Middle-Belt to help better respond to and manage the effects of violent conflict including supporting the reintegration of victims of conflict and survivors of sexual violence. We continue to make clear to the Nigerian authorities, at the highest levels, the importance of protecting civilians and taking action to implement long-term solutions that address the root causes of violence.